Paradromics Inc., San Jose, CA. has recently been awarded an $18.3M contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to build a high bandwidth cortical implant. The Neural Input–Output Bus, or NIOB, will be capable of reading and stimulating brain activity from 1 million neurons with an effective data rate of > 1 Gbps. Together with our private and public partners we will be providing the NIOB to patients with ALS who have lost the ability to speak, allowing them to speak fluently through the aid of the implant.